Simon Peter was a fisherman and apostle. Simon Peter is most notable for walking on water through faith until he stopped believing and began to sink. However, Jesus did save him. Tradition believes that Simon Peter was crucified, specifically upside down by his own request, because he believed he was not worthy to be crucified like Jesus was.
Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter and also a fisherman. He is considered the founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Andrew, like his brother, was also crucified, bounded to a cross in the shape of an X because he as well felt that he was not worthy to be crucified like Jesus was.
James (Son of Zebedee)
James was the brother of John the Apostle and the greater of the James. He had a fiery temper and when he wanted to call down fire on Samaritan, he was rebuked by Jesus. James was executed by sword under the direction of Herod. His martyrdom was the only one recorded in the New Testament.
John was the brother of James and an apostle of Jesus. John is given credit for writing the gospel of John, Epistles of John, and Revelation. He was also the only apostle at Jesus’ feet at Calvary. Unlike the other disciples, John is said to have died of a natural cause of old age and out lived the other disciples.
Philip was an apostle of Jesus. He was known for teaching in Greece, Syria, and Phrygia. There are different versions about how he died although one thing is for certain was that he was a martyr. One version is that he was tortured, thrown into prison, and afterwards crucified upside down. Another version of his death is that he was beheaded.
Bartholomew was one of Jesus’ apostles that was introduced to Jesus by Philip. He is usually identified with Nathaniel. There are two versions of Bartholomew’s death. One tradition believes that he was beheaded and the other believes that he was flayed and then crucified upside down. Astyages, Polymius’ brother, ordered Bartholomew’s execution for converting his brother.
Thomas was known as doubting Thomas because he questioned Jesus’ resurrection. Thomas is known most for questioning Jesus’ resurrection and asking to see and touch his wounds. Tradition believes that he preached the gospel farther than any of the other disciples and was martyred.
Matthew was one of the apostles of Jesus and also one of the four Evangelists. He was a tax collector and one of the witnesses of the resurrection and ascension. Legend has it that the author of Matthew died as a martyr in Ethiopia.
James (Son of Alphaeus)
James, son of Alphaeus is known as the lesser James. James was rarely mentioned in the Bible. He only appears four times in the New Testament. Tradition believes that James was thrown down from a temple by scribes and pharisees where he was stoned and his brains dashed out with a fuller’s club.
Jude of James is usually identified with Thaddaeus. Jude, distinguished from Judas the betrayer of Jesus, is only mentioned twice in the New Testament. Tradition believes that he preached the gospel in Judea, Samaria, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya. Tradition has it that Jude suffered martyrdom in Beirut with Simon the Zealot.
Simon (The Zealot)
Simon the Zealot was an apostle of Jesus and nothing was really mentioned of him besides his name. According to tradition Simon was put to death by a saw.
Judas Iscariot is one of the disciples infamously known for betraying Jesus with a kiss and 30 pieces of silver. Because of all the guilt and remorse he felt he later hanged himself. However, there are many accounts of how he died like him falling on head first and spilling his guts, swollen and crushed by a chariot, and the more famous of them all hanging himself. No one knows how he specifically died but tradition believes it was by suicide.
Matthias (replaced Judas)
Matthias is known as the apostle chosen to replace Judas. He was one of the disciples that was not personally appointed by Jesus. Matthias is believed to have preached the gospel in Judaea. Tradition believes that Matthias was also a martyr and was crucified in modern-day Georgia.